What is a hangover from a scientific point of view and how to cope with him

A hangover is a state that comes as a result of intoxicating the body by alcoholic beverages. It is accompanied by a number of unpleasant effects of both physical and psychological properties: the endlessness of the face, headache, increased irritability, and so on. Perhaps everyone came across him at least once in life – the next morning after the festive feasts and Friday sites in the bar. Life may seem like a branch of hell on Earth.

How many people are so much in the world and ways of "reliable" getting rid of hangover. Some prefer strong coffee on an empty stomach, others – aspirin tablet or well rooted toast with butter. All these decisions are based rather on the instinctive desires of the body and are useful in their own way, but only partly. Why? Let’s figure it out.

Where the hangover comes from

The main reason for the occurrence of a hangover is an excess of alcohol decay products that poison the body. Under the action of enzymes, ethanol disintegrates into the components that the gradual collapse entails. However, besides ethanol, alcoholic beverages often contain many other impurities – for example, methanol, which disintegrates on formaldehyde and formic acid, two strong toxin. It is curious here that the person’s enzymes are very selective and first destroy ethanol, but only then taken for his impurities. This explains the folk wisdom about the importance of wisdom – if you accept a small dose of alcohol 8-10 hours after the first time, then the body will simply switch to a new ethanol and will leave other harmful substances "alone". Such measures will not help avoid hangover, but may delay it.

Degree do not increase

It is worth noting that the order of admission of alcoholic beverages actually plays a big role. If you drink enough, the hangover in the morning in any case will not be avoided, but the gradual increase in degree will help the body to consistently prepare for the upcoming load. A great influence on the symptoms of a hangover has dehydration: when the body ceases to grab the water, it begins to take it from backup systems, including brain fluid. As a result, the cognitive functions of the brain are depressing that in charge with poisoning toxins and leads to familiar to all symptoms and severe headaches. Carbonated drinks (champagne, some varieties of beer and types of cocktails) increase the rate of dehydration, and therefore should not be abused.

Some curious studies also proved that dark drinks (red wine, bourbon, dark rum) contain a more congener (enzymes for fermentation) than light – it worsens the body’s condition during hangover. However, other studies also note that these enzymes protect the gastric mucosa from damage, so that the priorities should be chosen in this issue.

Drank? Snacks!

Rassillion the myth that the tight dinner will save you from the hangover, has a rational basis. Of course, no "airbag" for the stomach will not be able to create – this fact was proven even by European scientists. However, the abundance of fats will help artificially slow down the absorption of alcohol – it will increase the time of fermentation and make the consequences of festive recovery not so strong. However, proteins and carbohydrates will also cope with it in the absence of fats – the latter will also supply the brain with the necessary energy, which will provide optimal metabolism and improve well-being. The reverse side of the problem is an excess of calories, thanks to which you can easily dial a couple of extra kilos.

What is a hangover from a scientific point of view and how to cope with him

Coffee or aspirin?

And here we enter the dangerous soil of myths, which not only will not bring the desired relief, but can even harm the body. Energy with high caffeine and drinks for athletes rich in electrolytes would have worked. If it were not for the fact that abundant feast and so with an excess supplies the body the above-mentioned calories and glucose. There is a chance that they will help you feel the best for an hour and a half, after which the hangover will again give yourself to know.

A completely different side of the medal is the reception of the antipyretic. Not only, they usually work only for 4-6 hours (so it is not necessary to take them on the night, but after awakening), so also the systematic reception of this kind of drugs can provoke the stomach disorders and in some cases damage to the liver.


Universal medicine from hangover today does not exist. Various ways will help only slightly alleviate their sad fate, but do not get rid of it. The most efficient means still remains moderate intake of lightweight, low-alcohol drinks, together with abundant food and plenty of water. If the hangover still overtakes you, then the best way to come to ourselves is just how to relax and give the body to an independent solution to the problem. Perhaps, in the future, scientists and invent the "pill tablet" – many developments in this direction are being conducted now – however, we can only wait and hope for the best.

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